金牌网址

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金牌网址

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Philae Temple in Aswan



The original site of the temple is the Island of Philae which disappeared under the waters of the middle lake between the�Old Dam�and the High Dam , after the building of the latter . Before the High Dam , and during the summer months , the Philae Island suffered every year from the Nile flood and visitors had to use boats that sailed within the capitals of its columns . The Old Dam created a lake extending south about 225 kilometers until reaching the Sudanese border and Philae was flooded each year during the summer months . Visitors had to use boats passing through the pylons and the capitals of the temple's columns . The temple was not affected much except for the paintwork which was washed away by the waters of the lake .

With the construction of the High Dam , Philae had to be saved like many other monuments of the Historical Nubia , or else , it would have remained trapped between the two dams . Works for the salvation of the temple began in 1970 and lasted for almost 10 years when , at last , the monuments of the island were moved to Angelika , northwest of Philae Island . Since waters already covered the monuments at Philae , the Italian engineers had to build a cofferdam around the�island and then pump the water out . The new location was carefully landscaped to resemble the original landscape of Philae as much as possible . More than 40 , 000 blocks , weighing about 20 , 000 tons were moved to the new location .�
The temple was the last of Nubian temples to be moved , as it was already submerged and it was not finished until 1980 , when its reassembling on the neighboring Angelika Island by an Italian expedition was completed .�
In ancient times , the site , with speedy and turbulent falls , was considered a sacred place , as the Ancient Egyptian thought it was the first ground created from Nun (the original ocean) out of Chaos . It was also here where�Isis�raised her son�Horus�and where a part of�Osiris�body was found . The Ancient Egyptian thought also that Hapi , the god of the Nile , lived in this place .�
The Taharqa altar to Amun is the earliest evidence of structures on the island . The first building of the temples dates back to the 26th Dynasty , but the major part of the building is from the roman period when the Cult of Isis had a great popularity in the Mediterranean countries . The cult of Isis was practiced in its island until the 6th century when the temple was finally closed by Justinian in 550 A . D , and later was converted into a Christian church . In fact , Philae was the last surviving outpost of the old Egyptian pagan religion .�
Besides the temple itself , the complex contains other beautiful buildings such as the Vestibule of Nectanebos at the entrance of the temple , Temple of the Hadrian , The Temple of Hathor , Trajan's Kiosk and a birth house .�
The tourist can also enjoy a magical experience by night of the Sound and Light Show , with fantastic views and magical stories of the place .

 

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